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Displacement Surveys
            Our surveyors attend vessels on commencement and completion of cargo loading/ discharging activities, obtain necessary particulars of draft, consumables aboard, etc., and calculate the quantity of cargo loaded or discharged by changes in the vessel’s displacement. 

Hold inspections for cleanliness and suitability prior to loading can be incorporated with attendance on these surveys, as needed by clients.

On Hire/Off Hire Condition & Bunker Surveys

             For Owners and/or Charterers of vessels, cargo spaces and working areas are examined to determine the true physical condition of the vessel, including existing damage, and for on going vessels sound the fuel tanks to establish quantities of oil on board for the appropriate On/Off Hire time.

Cargo Surveys

             Surveys for interested parties to determine condition, suitability, stowage, securing, and outturn condition of break-bulk cargoes, bulk cargoes, project cargoes and other high value cargoes carried by air, land & sea.

Hull & Machinery and P&I Club Surveys

             Surveys of hull damage and cargo handling gear on deep sea vessels are also carried out by our Staff Surveyors. Condition and valuation, on/off hire and machinery damage surveys are also undertaken. We routinely conduct hull inspections for P & I clubs as well as vetting inspections for charter agreements.

Marpol Surveys and Investigations

             Attendances at the request of interested parties (Owner’s, P & I Clubs, Charterer’s) for the purpose of Marpol Investigations, sampling of Oil Tanks and Spill Areas with provision for Chain of Custody to be maintained prior to subsequent laboratory analysis.

Special Project Cargoes

             Recommending and supervising in the areas of planning, handling, stowing and securing of “heavy lifts” including transformers, bridges, boats, deep space antennae, locomotives, wind turbines, hydroelectric dam and other sensitive project equipment, -etc.

Tug & Barge Condition and Suitability for Towing Surveys

             For Owners and/or Charterers of Tugs and Barges, examinations are made both internally and externally to determine the true physical condition of the vessel, including existing damage at the time of On/Off Hire and suitability for Trip and Tow.

Dock Structure Surveys

             Activities include assessment of damage and required repairs to docks, bridges, etc.  Our activities in this area also include survey of facilities for suitability in the handling of certain bulk commodities with related quality of land transportation connections, etc.

Container/Refrigerated/Frozen Cargo and Seafood Surveys:

             Our staff are available to apply their expertise and knowledge when assisting and investigating claims arising from physical and temperature abuse/damage to all types of containerized, refrigerated and frozen cargoes, particularly seafoods.

Legal Work/Expert Witness

             Attendance as required in a broad range of cases to provide testimony of an expert nature in U.S. District, Superior and Municipal Courts, and at Arbitration Hearings, domestic and overseas.


             Consultations in all aspects of Maritime Trade including facilities, vessels, cargo, safety, etc.

Port Captain

             Pre-Arrival planning and scheduling with Attendance and oversight during vessel’s Port Call and Cargo Operations

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